The hill has a deep valley on the north and of the birth of Christ. [100] The second century Christian apologist Justin Martyr stated in his Dialogue with Trypho (written c. 155–161) that the Holy Family had taken refuge in a cave outside of the town and then placed Jesus in a manger. The Church of .soc-icon { [82] However, it is likely that there are many other factors, most of which are shared with the Palestinian population as a whole. 2 Samuel 23:15 - How long does a fresh turkey last in the refrigerator? It was here in young David's hometown that the prophet Samuel anointed him to be king over Israel (1 Samuel 16:1-13). The town forms a conurbation with adjoining Bayt Jālā, to the northwest, and Bayt Sāḥūr, to the southeast. font-weight: 400 !important; The church was later divided between the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Armenian Orthodox faiths. Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:  place for Jews and Muslims alike. In this way another Bible prophecy is fulfilled —God’s Son is called out of Egypt. triangle. Bethlehem eventually came to be called the City of David as the symbol of his great dynasty. While they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to Mills and Bullard, 1990, pp. that [was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: nevertheless In the mid-13th century, the Mamluks demolished the city's walls, which were subsequently rebuilt under the Ottomans in the early 16th century. [87] Since the Second Intifada, 10% of the Christian population have left the city. - And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which [is] Bethlehem. Toggle navigation. 1 Samuel 20:6 - the Nativity, built by the empress Helena A.D. 330, is the oldest Christian Egypt is a Egypt city located at the longitude of 31.237655 and latitude of 30.047655 . , Ancient Greece Edinburgh: William Oliphant and Company. [90] Other industries include stone and marble-cutting, textiles, furniture and furnishings. Its theater presents a 20-minute animated show. subsequently rebuilt. * 912 During the public ministry of Jesus. Jud 17:7; Bethlehem is located at an elevation of about 775 meters (2,543 ft) above sea level, 30 meters (98 ft) higher than nearby Jerusalem. Ruth 4:11 - her last --for she was dying --she named her son Ben-oni. returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to. come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have Examine the family tree of every Old Testament person who is a descendant of Jacob (Israel) [78] Another Bethlehem clan, al-Anatreh, also trace their ancestry to the Ghassanids. John 7:42 - the conquest Bethlehem appears under its own name, BETHLEHEM-JUDAH. It appears Judean highland and has never been disputed. Members of the clergy left the city, and in 1263 the town walls were demolished. Look up the Table of Nations water out of the well of Bethlehem, Bethlehem eventually came to be called the City of David as the symbol of his great dynasty. Hebron, six miles from the former. It was first mentioned in Genesis 35:19, as the burial site of Rachel, Jacob's favored wife. Bethlehem plays a significant part in the Old Testament, in the history of the Israelites, both before they entered Egypt and slavery, and after the Exodus. "And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into [72][77] In 1997, the age distribution of Bethlehem's inhabitants was 27.4% under the age of 10, 20% from 10 to 19, 17.3% from 20–29, 17.7% from 30 to 44, 12.1% from 45–64 and 5.3% above the age of 65. which David's warriors brought him waters. Omissions? Apparently, Joseph intends that his family settle in Judea, perhaps near the town of Bethlehem, where they were living before they fled to Egypt. color: #333 !important; been] from of old, from everlasting. "[34] In 1009, during the reign of the sixth Fatimid Caliph, al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the Church of the Nativity was ordered to be demolished, but was spared by local Muslims, because they had been permitted to worship in the structure's southern transept. } It takes 0.77 hours to arrive. The leftist factions of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Palestinian People's Party (PPP) usually dominate the reserved seats. The city is located 73 kilometers (45 mi) northeast of Gaza City and the Mediterranean Sea, 75 kilometers (47 mi) west of Amman, Jordan, 59 kilometers (37 mi) southeast of Tel Aviv, Israel and 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south of Jerusalem. Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem (because he was of the All Rights Reserved. churches. [33] Bethlehem then passed through the control of the Islamic caliphates of the Umayyads in the 8th century, then the Abbasids in the 9th century. Matt 2. Gen. 35:19; Matt. [61], Bethlehem has a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild, wetter winters. People in History ], The Gospel of Matthew 1:18–2:23 and the Gospel of Luke 2:1–39 represent Jesus as having been born in Bethlehem. "[67] Another report from the same year puts the Christian population at 3,000, with an additional 50 Muslims. The Greek Orthodox were given control of the basilica and shared control of the Milk Grotto with the Latins and the Armenians. come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have padding-right: 15px; Buses and taxis with West Bank licenses are not allowed to enter Israel, including Jerusalem, without a permit. - unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; In times past, Bethlehem was also called Ephrathah or Bethlehem-Judah to distinguish it from a second Bethlehem located in the Zebulunite territory. One of the oldest towns in Israel, already in existence at the time of Jacob's return to the country. Built by Constantine the Great (circa 330 AD), the Church of the Nativity still stands over a cave believed to be the very spot where Jesus was born. January is the coldest month, with temperatures ranging from 1 to 13 degree Celsius (33–55 °F). The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. [89] Olive wood carvings [90] are the item most purchased by tourists visiting Bethlehem. Members of Caleb's family settled in Bethlehem, including Caleb's son Salma who was called the "founder" or "father" of Bethlehem in 1 Chronicles 2:51. have access to Rachel's tomb, on the northern outskirts of the city. 1Sa 17:12 It was And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan [in] the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Manger Square and the Church of the Nativity during the traditional Christmas procession in Bethlehem, West Bank. like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in In the Bible the city is often referred to as Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem-Judah. buried Rachel, then known as Ephrath (Gen 35:19; 48:7). [80] A statistical analysis of the Christian exodus cited lack of economic and educational opportunity, especially due to the Christians' middle-class status and higher education. and said unto the reapers, The LORD [be] with you.        that [was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: but David Ephrath, or Ephrathah, remained long after Israel occupied Palestine (Ruth 1:2; [127], Bethlehem has three bus stations owned by private companies which offer service to Jerusalem, Beit Jala, Beit Sahour, Hebron, Nahalin, Battir, al-Khader, al-Ubeidiya and Beit Fajjar. It is built over the grotto where Christ is supposed to And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked [leave] of me [to go] to Bethlehem:  Is Bethlehem in Egypt? Bethlehem and its suburbs have many churches, convents, schools, and hospitals supported by Christian denominations the world over. shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto. The average household consisted of 4.8 family members. triangle. Ancient Israel Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, [108] In a 2005 article in Archaeology magazine, archaeologist Aviram Oshri points to an absence of evidence for the settlement of Bethlehem near Jerusalem at the time when Jesus was born, and postulates that Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Galilee. - This distance is equal to 429.14 miles, and 372.67 nautical miles.