government responsible for the promotion of A similar program on corn also made the country self-sufficient in white corn. Eleven days after the proclamation of the Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898, President Emilio Aguinaldo formed his government with the Department of Agriculture and Manufacturing as one of the first agencies. It is in this period that we saw the invention of irrigation amongst other things, and this specialised workforce, and focus on agricultural technology allowed the development of the first cities. A personal interest in environmental science grew alongside his formal studies and eventually formed part of his post-graduate degree where he studied both natural and human changes to the environment of southwest England; his particular interests are in aerial photography. President Benigno S. Aquino III appointed him as Secretary of Agriculture on June 30, 2010. In 2020, growth is expected to level out at 6.6 percent. Before organised agriculture, it is believed that the food supply could provide for just 4 million people globally (21). Agricultural Act of 2010 (RA 10068). The climate in the Philippines is tropical and monsoonal. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The systems instigated through feudalism, whether secular lords or church holdings, sought to improve yields with the growing population, and naturally we saw significant technological advances in this period too (12). ‘DA THEN AND NOW HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE: 'DA THEN AND NOW' DA Secretary PROCESO J. ALCALA is a former Representative of 2nd District of Quezon. framework as guide to the plans and goals of New plastics as well as the development of nitrates (19) allowed even greater yields once more and it has through this system, now in place for almost a century, allowed greater access to food much more cheaply. In Mesoamerica and South America, with the Inca, the Maya, Olmecs and the Aztecs, relatively early development of agriculture permitted the building of enormous cities that impressed the European colonizers; it was quickly identified that these civilizations had an impressive agriculture-based economy that stood on a par with Europe, challenging what was then understood about the development of civilization. Canna lily (Canna x generalis L.H. The official languages of the Philippines are Filipino (which is based on Tagalog) and English. University of the Philippines Los Baños, 4031 Guerrero, both during the latter part of 1899. During the next 300 years, Spanish Jesuit priests and conquistadors spread Catholicism and Spanish culture across the archipelago, with particular strength on the island of Luzon. The next changes would not be until the War Years when the military powers developed (and needed with rationing) intensive farming; it has been a god-send, and since 1970, global cereal production has quadrupled (20). GDP is predicted to continue on its expansionary path and grow at an annual rate of 6.7 percent in both 2018 and 2019. Other religions represented include Protestant (10.7 percent), Muslims (5.5 percent), other Christian denominations (4.5 percent). Email address:, Copyright © 2020 The Philippine Agricultural Scientist, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, View more about Information for Contributors. From 1965 to 1986, Ferdinand Marcos ran the country as a fiefdom. {Photographs courtesy of Ms. Juareyn L. Ondoy, College of Agriculture, Sultan Kudarat State University Lutayan Campus, Sultan Kudarat, Philippines}. Philippine Agriculture Past, Present and Future. After Edwards, the helm of the bureau was again given to a Filipino, Adriano Hernandez who himself was a practicing farmer. The Spanish Philippines was actually controlled by the government of Spanish North America prior to Mexican independence in 1810. agricultural and fisheries development and growth. On July 4, 1946, the Republic of the Philippines was established. The Greeks and Romans took much of their agricultural technology from other civilizations with which they had contact - most notably those of the ancient Near East such as Mesopotamia, via Sumeria. Most of our farmers remain at the poverty level due to lack of support from our government, capitalism, land reform, lack of irrigation, farm to market roads, etc. In 2010, nearly 15.7 million metric tons of palay (pre-husked rice) were produced. Name: Learn more. Today, agriculture is as much a science as an art. With a need to cope with the growing needs of the planet's population, and to find ways to keep producing food and other crops as we expand into marginal landscapes, and adapt to a changing climate, changes in agriculture practices, food technology and bio technology will continue to be a big part of human civilization. During his term, the Bureau of Agricultural Extension (now Agricultural Training Institute) was established, along with the organization of the 4-H Clubs and Rural Improvement Clubs (RICs) nationwide. As the glaciers retreated and plant life patterns and growth areas changed in response, it meant that the need to move so often became slightly less essential - though undoubtedly the lifestyle carried on for thousands of years as people sought to maximize their resource acquisition (4, p574-5). Archaeologists and palaeontologists have traced the origins of farming to around 10,000 years ago, to somewhere in the Indus Valley, and possibly as a separate development in China along the Yangtze River (6). The Philippines also has an active tourism industry and receives remittances from some 10 million overseas Filipino workers. Arturo R. Tanco, Jr. was named as DA Secretary.